Cancer that begins in the esophagus (also called esophageal cancer) is divided into two major types, squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma, depending on the type of cells that are malignant. Squamous cell carcinomas arise in squamous cells that line the esophagus. These cancers usually occur in the upper and middle part of the esophagus. Adenocarcinomas usually develop in the glandular tissue in the lower part of the esophagus. The treatment is similar for both types of esophageal cancer. If the cancer spreads outside the esophagus, it often goes to the lymph nodes first. (Lymph nodes are small, bean-shaped structures that are part of the body’s immune system.) Esophageal cancer can also spread to almost any other part of the body, including the liver, lungs, brain, and bones.Post a Query
The stage of cancer is determined first of all by analysing the size of the tumour and the number and location of enlarged lymph nodes. Accurate staging helps tailor treatment to the patient’s specific needs. Staging can be done with CT scan, biopsy, esophageal ultrasound and PET scan.
Radiation Therapy : Radiation therapy is first deployed to shrink the tumor with carefully directed radiation at the tumor. This helps destroy or reduce the tumor, because cancer cells divide and grow faster than normal cells. Normal cells usually recover successfully from new age radiation like Linac, Gamma Knife, Novelis or Cyberknife. Radiation therapy is given as an outpatient for 5 minutes for 5 to 6 weeks.
Chemotherapy : Chemotherapy is used to help shrink the tumor and kill any cancer cells in the lymph nodes. There are several chemotherapy medications that work to kill lung cancer and often a combination of 2 of these medications is prescribed. The specific medication or combination of medications you receive will be selected based on your tumor type and your medical history. Chemotherapy will be given as an inpatient for 4-5 day sessions twice during your treatment. Other medications before and during chemotherapy are prescribed which are designed to minimize and relieve the side effects.
Re-staging : Approximately 4-6 weeks after your last treatments you will undergo several tests to determine the success of therapy. You may be required to undergo another set of tests like CT scan of the chest and upper abdomen and Upper endoscopy and esophageal ultrasound.
Surgical Resection : If you have had chemotherapy and radiation therapy, surgical resection of the esophagus will occur approximately 5-6 weeks after your last radiation treatment.Request a Call Back
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