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Ronnie and Darlene from UK

We are so glad we found BestCancerhospitalIndia.com on the web, we chose it because it offered the best and most comprehensive information and assistance package
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3. Complimentary non medical support services like airport pick on arrival, valuable advice on how to obtain India Medical Visa and Economical local stay post hospitalisation.

Lung Cancer Treatment at Best Cancer Hospitals in India
Since lung cancer tends to spread or metastasize very early in its course, it is a very life-threatening cancer and one of the most difficult cancers to treat. While lung cancer can spread to any organ in the body, certain organs -- particularly the adrenal glands, liver, brain, and bone -- are the most common sites for lung-cancer metastasis.

The lung is also a very common site for metastasis from tumors in other parts of the body. Tumor metastases are made up of the same type of cells as the original, or primary, tumor. For example, if prostate cancer spreads via the bloodstream to the lungs, it is metastatic prostate cancer in the lung and is not lung cancer. ** PLEASE DESCRIBE THIS IMAGE **

Types of Lung Cancer

Lung cancers, also known as bronchogenic carcinomas (carcinoma is another term for cancer), are broadly classified into two types: small cell lung cancers (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC).

NSCLC are the most common lung cancers, accounting for about 80% of all lung cancers. NSCLC can be divided into three main types that are named based upon the type of cells found in the tumor:

  • Adenocarcinomas are the most commonly seen type of NSCLC in the U.S. and comprise up to 50% of NSCLC . While adenocarcinomas are associated with smoking like other lung cancers, this type is observed as well in nonsmokers who develop lung cancer. Most adenocarcinomas arise in the outer, or peripheral, areas of the lungs. Bronchioloalveolar carcinoma is a subtype of adenocarcinoma that frequently develops at multiple sites in the lungs and spreads along the preexisting alveolar walls.

  • Squamous cell carcinomas were formerly more common than adenocarcinomas; at present, they account for about 30% of NSCLC. Also known as epidermoid carcinomas, squamous cell cancers arise most frequently in the central chest area in the bronchi.

  • Large cell carcinomas, sometimes referred to as undifferentiated carcinomas, are the least common type of NSCLC.

NSCLC are assigned a stage from I to IV in order of severity:

  • In stage I, the cancer is confined to the lung.

  • In stages II and III, the cancer is confined to the chest (with larger and more invasive tumors classified as stage III).

  • Stage IV cancer has spread from the chest to ** PLEASE DESCRIBE THIS IMAGE **other parts of the body.

Treatment for Lung Cancer at World Class Cancer Hospitals in India
The most common methods are surgical removal of the cancer, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy, as well as combinations of these treatments depending on the localization and extent of the tumor as well as the overall health status of the patient.

Surgery : Surgical removal of the tumor is generally performed for limited-stage (stage I or sometimes stage II) NSCLC and is the treatment of choice for cancer that has not spread beyond the lung. About 10%-35% of lung cancers can be removed surgically, but removal does not always result in a cure, since the tumors may already have spread and can recur at a later time.

The surgical procedure chosen depends upon the size and location of the tumor. Surgeons must open the chest wall and may perform a wedge resection of the lung (removal of a portion of one lobe), a lobectomy (removal of one lobe), or a pneumonectomy (removal of an entire lung). Sometimes lymph nodes in the region of the lungs are also removed (lymphadenectomy).

Surgery for lung cancer is a major surgical procedure that requires general anesthesia, hospitalization, and follow-up care for weeks to months.

Radiation : Radiation therapy may be employed as a treatment for both NSCLC and SCLC. Radiation therapy uses high-energy X-rays or other types of radiation to kill dividing cancer cells. Radiation therapy may be given as curative therapy, palliative therapy (using lower doses of radiation than with curative regimens), or as adjuvant therapy in combination with surgery or chemotherapy.

The radiation is either delivered externally, by using a machine that directs radiation toward the cancer, or internally through placement of radioactive substances in sealed containers within the area of the body where the tumor is localized. Brachytherapy is a term used to describe the use of a small pellet of radioactive material placed directly into the cancer or into the airway next to the cancer.


Combining radiation therapy with chemotherapy can further increase the chances of survival when chemotherapy is administered. External radiation therapy can generally be carried out on an outpatient basis, while internal radiation therapy requires a brief hospitalization.


Chemotherapy : Both NSCLC and SCLC may be treated with chemotherapy. Chemotherapy refers to the administration of drugs that stop the growth of cancer cells by killing them or preventing them from dividing. Chemotherapy may be given alone, as an adjuvant to surgical therapy, or in combination with radiotherapy. Chemotherapy is the treatment of choice for most SCLC, since these tumors are generally widespread in the body when they are diagnosed. Only half of people who have SCLC survive for four months without chemotherapy. With chemotherapy, their survival time is increased up to four- to fivefold. Chemotherapy alone is not particularly effective in treating NSCLC, but when NSCLC have metastasized, it can prolong survival in many cases.

Chemotherapy may be given as pills, as an intravenous infusion, or as a combination of the two. Chemotherapy treatments are usually given in an outpatient setting. A combination of drugs is given in a series of treatments, called cycles, over a period of weeks to months, with breaks in between cycles. Unfortunately, the drugs used in can lead to side effects that include fatigue, weight loss, hair loss, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, and mouth sores.

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) : One newer therapy used for different types and stages of lung cancer (as well as some other cancers) is photodynamic therapy. In photodynamic treatment, a photosynthesizing agent (such as a porphyrin, a naturally occurring substance in the body) is injected into the bloodstream a few hours prior to surgery. During this time, the agent deposits itself selectively in rapidly growing cells such as cancer cells. A procedure then follows in which the physician applies a certain wavelength of light through a handheld wand directly to the site of the cancer and surrounding tissues.

Radiofrequency ablation (RFA): Radiofrequency ablation is being studied as an alternative to surgery, particularly in cases of early stage lung cancer. In this newer type of treatment, a needle is inserted through the skin into the cancer, usually under guidance by CT scanning. Radiofrequency (electrical) energy is then transmitted to the tip of the needle where it produces heat in the tissues, killing the cancerous tissue and closing small blood vessels that supply the cancer. RFA usually is not painful and has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of certain cancers including lung cancers. Studies have shown that this treatment can prolong survival similarly to surgery, when used to treat early stages of lung cancer, but without the risks of major surgery and the prolonged recovery time associated with major surgical procedures.** PLEASE DESCRIBE THIS IMAGE **
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1.
Email your Medical Reports to us
        for opinion by India's Top doctors

2. We send you Expert Medical
        Opinion and Treatment Cost
        Estimate from India's Leading
        Hospitals

3. Once you Decide, We help to
        Schedule appointments, Apply
       for Medical Visa, Airport Pick up,
       Post Hospital Stay

What people say about us

"Thanks BestCancerHospitalIndia.com for your always prompt responses to my volley of questions and concerns. We just could not have managed even a step without your staff’s excellent handholding right from our first contact.

You made the planning of the trip very easy with your constant emailing of instructions and phone calls. We chose India after speaking to satisfied customers and looking at you website and seeing all the testing that was performed etc. Profiles of the Top Doctors you sent us along with their expert opinion was reassuring and we were equally pleased upon meeting and speaking with them before and after the procedure was done.

Thank You & God Bless you all "
- Esther Faith & David Ssegirinya from Kenya


Invaluable Benefits
you
will get from BestCancerHospitalIndia.com

1. By emailing to us your medical reports, we will forward them to at least 3 leading hospitals in India who have the best expertise for your case. We ensure that you get expert opinions and competitive treatment cost estimates from top hospitals in 2 working days.

2. We do not collect any service fee from patients. You will directly pay the hospitals after you arrive in India and will deal directly with the hospital.

3. Complimentary non medical support services like airport pick on arrival, valuable advice on how to obtain India Medical Visa and Economical local stay post hospitalisation.

     

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